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Civil Services (Prelims Exam) 2021

Civil Services (Prelims Exam) 2022


Notification Date

 02 Feb. 2022

Last Date for Receipt of Applications

22 Feb. 2022

Prelims Examination New Date

05 June 2022

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               SYLLABUS -  GS Paper- I 



       SYLLABUS -  GS Paper- II  (CSAT)



Current events of national and international importance.





History of India and Indian National Movement.



Interpersonal skills including communication skills.


Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the world.



Logical reasoning and analytical ability.



Indian Polity and Governance- Constitution, Political system, Panchayati raj, Public Policy, Rights issues,etc.



General mental ability



Economic and social development, Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social sector initiatives etc.



Basic numeracy (number and their relation , order of magnitude, etc)



General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate change- that do not require subject specialization


Data interpretation ( charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.


General Science.



English language Comprehension skills.





General Studies - I









Indian Heritage and Culture


  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.



Modern Indian History



  • Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present - significant events, personalities, issues


  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.


  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.



World History



  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. their forms and effect on the society.



Indian Society



  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.


  • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.


  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.


  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.






  • Salient features of world's Physical Geography.


  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sec- tor industries in various parts of the world (including India).


  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location - changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.



General Studies - II









Indian Polity and Constitution



  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.


  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.


  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.


  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.


  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.


  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.


  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.


  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.


  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.



Social Justice



  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.


  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.






  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


  • Role of civil services in a democracy.



International Relations



  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.


  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India s interests.


  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India s interests, Indian diaspora.


  • Important International institutions, agencies, and fora- their structure, mandate.



General Studies - III









Indian Economy



  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.


  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.


  • Government Budgeting.


  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.


  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.


  • Food processing and related industries in India - scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.


  • Land reforms in India.


  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.


  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.


  • Investment models.



Science and Technology



  • Science and technology - developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.



Disaster Management



  • Disaster and disaster management.






  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention.


  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
    Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate



General Studies - IV









Ethics and Human Interface



  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.






  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.






  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.



Emotional Intelligence



  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.


  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.



Civil Services Values and Probity in Governance



  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.


  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.


  • Case Studies on the above issues.



EXAM Pattern

UPSC -Civil Services Exam Pattern

UPSC conducts this exam under 3 stages:

1. Prelims Examination

2. Mains Examination

3. Personality Test (Interview Process)



Preliminary examination is the first and very important stage of the three stages of the civil service examination.

Name of the Paper

No. of Questions


Total Marks

Nature of Exam -MCQ

General Studies Paper- I 


     2 hours


Considered for cut-off

General Studies Paper-II (CSAT – Civil Services Aptitude Test) 


    2 hours


Qualifying (33%  marks required)


Negative Marking: There is negative marking associated with every wrong answer in UPSC Prelims Exam. 1/3rd of the total marks allotted to a question will be deducted if it is wrongly answered.

The Question Paper is bilingual i.e. asked in both English & Hindi.

Nature of Prelims Questions are Multiple Choice Question (MCQ).





Only those candidates who secure at least the declared cut off in General Studies I and 33% in General Studies II in Prelims are allowed to appear for the Mains Examination.

Main exam consists of a total of 9 papers which include 2 qualifying papers and 7 merit-based papers. Each paper will be of three hours duration.

Nature of Mains Exam is Subjective, where student have to write their answers in detailed explanation.



Qualifying Papers


Total Marks

Paper A

English Language

   3 Hours


Paper B

Regional Language

   3 Hours




Merit Papers


Total Marks

Paper I


3 Hours


Paper II

General Studies - I

3 Hours


Paper III

General Studies - II

3 Hours


Paper IV

General Studies - III

3 Hours


Paper V

General Studies - IV

3 Hours


Paper VI

Optional Paper I

3 Hours


Paper VII

Optional Paper II

3 Hours







List of Optional Subjects for Mains Exam 

AgricultureAnimal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and Accountancy, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, SociologyStatistics, Zoology

The literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.



The aspirants who qualify the UPSC mains exam are called for the Interview Round. This Interview is conducted by the UPSC board to assess the candidates’ suitability for a career in civil services and associated responsibilities.The board would judge the candidate’s mental and social traits by asking questions of general interest.

The maximum marks allotted for the interview stage are 275 making the total marks for the merit list consideration to 2025 marks (1750+275).