[Q.1] Agnihotri committee recently seen in the news is related to:

(a) Rajya Sabha Rules

(b) Anti defection law

(c) Article 35 A

(d) Unified Military Command

[ans] a

 

[soln]

  • It was in News because recently, A two-member committee (Agnihotri committee) has been appointed to make recommendations for revising the rules of the Upper House.

 

[Q.2]Which of the following have recommendation for Governor in Case of Hung Assembly?

 

  1. M M Punchhi Commission
  2. SR Bommai case
  3. Sarkaria Commission

Choose the correct code?

 

(a) 1 and 2 only

 

(b) 1 and 3 only

 

(c) 3 only

 

(d) All of the above

 

 

[ans] d

 

[soln]

 

  • The role of governor came under question in recent Karnataka legislative assembly elections.
  • It came under question that whether Governor should call single largest party to form the government and prove its majority in the House or a post-poll alliance to form a majority that overcomes the single largest party and form the government.
  • Article 164(1) provides for the appointment of chief minister by governor. Supreme Court clarified that there is no qualification mentioned in article 164(1) and reading it with collective responsibility in 164(2), the only condition chief ministerial candidate need to satisfy is that he/she should be commanding majority in the house.
  • But this discretionary power is being misused by governors. It may encourage horse trading of MLAs, defections against the spirit of tenth schedule and decline in public trust in the office of Governor.
  • In case of Goa, Manipur and Mizoram, the single largest party was not given preference to form the government unlike in Karnataka. Thus, raising question mark on the role of Governor and also forcing Supreme Court to take cognizance of the issue.
  • Sarkaria Commission and a constitutional bench judgement in Rameshwar Prasad v Union of India, 2005 held that:

 

  1. The party or combination of parties with widest support in the Legislative Assembly should be called upon to form the Government.
  2. If there is a pre-poll alliance or coalition, it should be treated as one political party and if such coalition obtains a majority, the leader of such coalition shall be called by the Governor to form the Government.
  3. In case no party or pre-poll coalition has a clear majority, the Governor should select the CM in the order of preference indicated below:

 

  • The group of parties which had pre- poll alliance commanding the largest number.
  • The largest single party staking a claim to form the government with the support of others.
  • A post-electoral coalition with all partners joining the government.
  • A post-electoral alliance with some parties joining the government and the remaining supporting from outside.
  • M M Punchhi Commission elaborated that the governor should follow “constitutional conventions” in a case of a hung Assembly.
  • While SR Bommai case related to discretion of Governor does not apply to hung assembly but it laid emphasis on floor test in the house within 48 hours (although it can be extended to 15 days) so that legislature should decide the matter and Governor’s discretion should merely be a triggering point. The Governor must be true to the oath of office and must ensure that the person he/she invites to be Chief Minister will be able to form a responsible and reasonably lasting government in the State. Even Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in his speech described how a Governor should use his discretion not as “representative of a party” but as “the representative of the people as a whole of the State”.

 

 

[Q.3] Consider the following statements with reference to” Tholu Bommalata”, sometimes seen in news?

 

  1. It is a shadow puppet theatre tradition of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.

 

  1. The puppeteers make up some of the various entertainers who perform all night and usually reenact various stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

 

3.The puppets are large in size and have jointed waist, shoulders, elbows and knees.

 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

 

(b) 1 and 3 only

 

(c) 3 only

 

(d) All of the above

 

 

[ans] d

 

[soln]

 

  • It literally means “the dance of leather puppets” (tholu – leather and bommalata – puppet dance).

 

  • The puppets are large in size and have jointed waist, shoulders, elbows and knees.

 

  • The puppets are mostly made of skin of antelope, spotted deer and goat. Auspicious characters are made of antelope skin and deer skin.

 

  • They are coloured on both sides. Hence, these puppets throw coloured shadows on the screen.

 

  • Puppeteers narrate stories from the twin-epics of Ramanayana and Mahabharata with animated movement of arms and hands to give a three-dimensional effect.

 

[Q.4] Consider the following statements about Sadharna Bhramo Samaj, recnrtly seen in news:

 

  1. The Sadharan Brahmo Samaj was formed in a public meeting of Brahmos held in the Town Hall of Calcutta.

 

  1. It traces back its roots to The Brahmo Samaj.

 

  1. Ananda Mohan Bose was its first President.

 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 

(a) 1 and 2 only

 

(b) 2 and 3 only

 

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

(d) All of the above

 

 

[ans] d

 

[soln]

 

  • Recently, governing bodies of eight colleges of Sadharan Brahmo Samaj (SBS), has been dissolved by the West Bengal government.
  • The government stated that SBS is not a “separate minority religion”, the related colleges administered by it should be treated as “non-minority Government-aided Colleges.
  • It is a general community of worshipers of one God, formed in May 1878, traces back its roots to The Brahmo Samaj.
  • It was formed by the followers of Keshav Chandra Sen (Brahmo Samaj India) after he violated the Brahmo Marriage Act by marrying his 13 year old daughter with Maharaja of Cooch-Bihar.
  • Anandamohan Bose was its first President.
  • In 1891, it opened the Das Ashram, a welfare institution of untouchables, and the Brahmo Girls School of Calcutta, and also founded small hospitals, orphanages, and a leper asylum.
  • Its basic principles are: It believes in the existence and personality of God. It believes in the immortality of the human soul. It does not believe in any particular book or collections of books as the one infallible revelation of divine truth, love, and final authority. It does not believe in specific incarnation the Deity. It accepts, respects, and uses of scriptures of the world, (not as infallible) as ancient records of the moral and spiritual experiences.

 

 

http://www.thesadharanbrahmosamaj.org/aboutus.php

[Q.5] Consider the following statements with reference to WHO Framework convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC):

 

  1. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first international public health treaty negotiated under the auspices of the WHO.

 

  1. Article 15 of WHO FCTC envisages elimination of all forms of illicit trade and tobacco products, including smuggling, illicit manufacturing and counterfeiting.

 

  1. Recently, Indian government has given approval to accede to the Protocol under World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on tobacco control to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products.

 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 

(a) 1 and 2 only

 

(b) 2 and 3 only

 

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

(d) All of the above

 

 

[ans] d

 

[soln]

 

 

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=179052

 

 

[Q.6] With reference to “Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK)”, consider the following statements

 

  1. It is under Ministry of Minority Affairs.

 

2.Funding of the scheme would be from budgetary provision of the Ministry of Minority Affairs.

 

  1. It seeks to provide better socio economic infrastructure facilities to the minority communities particularly in the field of education, health & skill development.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 

(a) 1 and 2 only

 

(b) 2 and 3 only

 

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

(d) All of the above

 

[ans] d

 

[soln]

 

Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) seeks to provide better socio economic infrastructure facilities to the minority communities particularly in the field of education, health & skill development which would further lead to lessening of the gap between the national average and the minority communities with regard to backwardness parameters.

The erstwhile Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) has been restructured and renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram for effective implementation. The restructured scheme is to be implemented during the remaining period of the 14th Finance Commission ie. March 31, 2020.

Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)

MsDP is a special area development scheme designed to address the ‘development deficits’ seen in Minority Concentration Districts. MsDP has been identified as one of the Core of the Core Schemes under National Development Agenda in the Report of the Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, which was constituted by NITI Aayog.

The programme was launched in the year 2008-09 in 90 identified Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) having at least 25% minority population and below national average with respect to one or both of the backwardness parameters with the objective of developing assets for socio-economic and basic amenities. The MCDs were identified on the basis of census 2001 data. The programme continued during 11th Five Year Plan.

The MsDP was restructured in June 2013 for implementation during 12th Five Year Plan and the area of implementation was replaced by Minority Concentration Blocks (MCB), Minority Concentration Towns (MCT) and Clusters of Villages. Total MCBs – 710, MCTs – 66 in 196 Districts. The MsDP is currently in operation in 27 States/UTs.

MsDP has been designed primarily to address the developmental gaps/deficits in identified backward minority concentration areas by topping up of existing Centrally Sponsored Schemes of various Central ministries/departments without any change in the norms, guidelines and the funding pattern.

The projects considered are additional class rooms, laboratories, school buildings, hostels, toilets, buildings for Polytechnics, ITIs, Community Health Centres, Primary Health Centres / Sub-centres, Anganwadi Centres, Rural Housing etc.

In addition to gap filling projects, MsDP also provides for taking up innovative projects which are not covered by any of the existing CSS of various ministries and these are funded in the ratio of 60:40 and for NE and Hilly States at 90:10 between the Centre and States. This includes Sadbhav Mandap, Market shed etc.

Beneficiaries of PMJVK

As far as PMJVK is concerned, the communities notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Com mission for Minorities Act, 1992 would be taken as Minority Communities. At present 6 (six) communities namely Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified as Minority Communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.

The Programme aims to address development deficits in the identified minority concentration areas. The identification of minority concentration areas has been done on the basis of presence of substantial population of notified Minority Communities based on Census, 2011. The inclusion of Minority Concentration District Headquarters along with the Minority Concentration Towns having population more than 25,000, Minority Concentration Blocks and Cluster of Villages as per Census, 2011 data, will extend the coverage of population of minority communities.

 

http://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/minority-welfare-1/pradhan-mantri-jan-vikas-karyakram

 

[Q.7] 2015 BZ509 sometimes seen in the news is:

 

(a) Human space mission Planed to be launched in 2015 by china but postponed to 2021.

 

(b) An image showing pollution spots on earth captured by a satellite that was sent by NASA in 2015.

 

(c) An interstellar body spotted by NASA near to brightest known star.

 

(d) An asteroid which is supposed to be the first interstellar body to stay in our solar system.

 

[ans] c

 

[soln]

 

  • Scientist found an asteroid known as 2015 BZ509 which is supposed to be the first interstellar body to stay in our solar system. Hence option (c) is correct.
  • 2015 BZ509 was discovered in 2014, by Pan-STARRS (Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System) in Hawaii but at that time it was thought of as part of our solar system and not regarded as interstellar object.
  • Now Researchers argue that it is supposed to be captured from other star system in the early phase of formation of our solar system approximately 4.5 billion years ago.
  • Its orbit is “retrograde,” i.e. 2015 BZ509 moves around the sun in the opposite direction (clockwise if seen from Sun’s imaginary North Pole) of Jupiter, Earth and most other bodies in the solar system.
  • The orbit of the asteroid almost coincides with the Jupiter.

 

http://www.astro.uwo.ca/~wiegert/2015BZ509/

 

[Q.8] Recently, Indian scientists have developed a ‘Biosensor Technique’ to detect a disease name__

 

(a) Chikungunya

 

(b) Dengue

 

(c) Malaria

 

(d) Japanese Encephalitis

 

[ans] a

 

[soln]

 

  • There has been rapid increase (around 300-400 per cent) of Chikungunya cases in India during the period of 2014 to 2016.
  • Chikungunya is detected through RT- PCR (Real-time polymerase chain reaction) from serum samples and by determination of serum anti-bodies which are time consuming and cumbersome.

About the Biosensor technology

Scientist made a Molybdenum disulphide nanosheet which is absorbed onto the screen-printed gold electrodes and then used in the detection of chikungunya virus DNA using electrochemical voltammetric techniques.

 

  • Advantages: Used to develop a point of care device for rapid identification of disease. It is suitable for mass production, has low cost, higher disposability and design flexibility as compared to traditional electrode materials.

[Q.9] Term “GravityRAT” sometimes seen in news is:

 

(a) A robot

 

(b) A Satellite

 

(c) Brazilian mouse living in deep ground

 

(d) A malware

 

[ans] d

 

[soln]

Malware allegedly designed by Pakistani hackers has become stronger: experts

GravityRAT, a malware allegedly designed by Pakistani hackers, has recently been updated further and equipped with anti-malware evasion capabilites,.

 

The RAT was first detected by Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, CERT-In, on various computers in 2017. It is designed to infliltrate computers and steal the data of users, and relay the stolen data to Command and Control centres in other countries. The ‘RAT’ in its name stands for Remote Access Trojan, which is a program capable of being controlled remotely and thus difficult to trace.

 

Mask presence

 

L atest update to the program by its developers is part of GravityRAT’s function as an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT), which, once it infiltrates a system, silently evolves and does long-term damage.

 

“GravityRAT is unlike most malware, which are designed to inflict short term damage. It lies hidden in the system that it takes over and keeps penetrating deeper. According to latest inputs, GravityRAT has now become self aware and is capable of evading several commonly used malware detection techniques,” an officer of the cybercrime unit said.

 

One such technique is ‘sandboxing’, to isolate malware from critical programs on infected devices and provide an extra layer of security.

 

“The problem, however, is that malware needs to be detected before it can be sandboxed, and GravityRAT now has the ability to mask its presence. Typically, malware activity is detected by the ‘noise’ it causes inside the Central Processing Unit, but GravityRAT is able to work silently. It can also gauge the temperature of the CPU and ascertain if the device is carrying out high intensity activity, like a malware search, and act to evade detection,” another officer said.

 

Email attachment

 

Officials said that GravityRAT infiltrates a system in the form of an innocuous looking email attachment, which can be in any format, including MS Word, MS Excel, MS Powerpoint, Adobe Acrobat or even audio and video files.

 

“The hackers first identify the interests of their targets and then send emails with suitable attachments. Thus a document with ‘share prices’ in the file is sent to those interested in the stock market. Once it is downloaded, it prompts the user to enter a message in a dialogue box, purportedly to prove that the user is not a bot. While the users take this to be a sign of extra security, the action actually initiates the process for the malware to infiltrate the system, triggering several steps that end with GravityRAT sending data to the Command and Control server regularly,” an officer said.

 

The other concern is that the Command and Control servers are based in several countries. The data is sent in an encrypted format, making it difficult to detect exactly what is leaked.

 

Special Inspector General of Police (Cyber) Brijesh Singh of Maharashtra Police said, “We urge people to follow basic cyberhygiene like watching what they download, updating their anti-virus software and conducting cyber security reviews regularly.” CERT-In had issued an alert for it last year, with an advisory asking users to review cybersecurity measures and update anti-malware tools.

 

 

 

[Q.10]“Academik Lomonosov”, recently seen in news, it is?

 

(a) A joint venture between India and Russian in research and development.

 

(b) A climate change related programme launched by Russia, china and Japan in arctic region.

 

(c) Russia’s world’s first floating nuclear power plant (FNPP) has become operational.

 

(d) Joint venture between India and France for oil exploration in Arctic region.

 

 

[ans] c

 

[soln]

 

 

37 Comments

  1. visit site May 13, 2019

    I just want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogging and site-building and absolutely liked your web page. Most likely I’m planning to bookmark your site . You surely have awesome writings. Many thanks for revealing your website page.

  2. 릴게임다운로드 May 15, 2019

    Hi my friend! I want to say that this article is awesome, nice written and come with approximately all important infos. I would like to look extra posts like this.

    https://reelgame.net/

  3. W888 May 15, 2019

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You obviously know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

  4. F*ckin’ amazing issues here. I am very happy to peer your post. Thanks a lot and i am looking ahead to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

    https://www.mtpolice88.com/

  5. crystalclutch.com May 15, 2019

    Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

    https://www.crystalclutch.com/

  6. electro May 16, 2019

    I have not checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  7. marcel van hooijdonk May 16, 2019

    Many thanks for sharing these wonderful content. In addition, the ideal travel as well as medical insurance plan can often reduce those worries that come with vacationing abroad. Your medical emergency can before long become very expensive and that’s likely to quickly put a financial load on the family finances. Setting up in place the perfect travel insurance package prior to leaving is well worth the time and effort. Thanks a lot

    http://marcelvanhooijdonk-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis.nl/

  8. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  9. Schädlingsbekämpfung May 16, 2019

    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my website thus i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

    http://www.ihrekammerjaeger.de/aachen

  10. tithing and offering May 17, 2019

    Great info and straight to the point. I am not sure if this is in fact the best place to ask but do you people have any ideea where to hire some professional writers? Thanks in advance 🙂

  11. round the world ticket May 17, 2019

    Admiring the time and effort you put into your site and in depth information you offer. It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed material. Great read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  12. beast TV trial May 17, 2019

    You made some respectable factors there. I looked on the web for the difficulty and located most individuals will go along with with your website.

    http://thebeast.tv

  13. native push ads May 17, 2019

    Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any recommendations?

  14. bartenders May 17, 2019

    I do love the way you have presented this specific concern and it really does offer me a lot of fodder for consideration. On the other hand, through what I have witnessed, I simply hope when the actual feedback pack on that folks stay on point and don’t get started on a tirade involving some other news of the day. Yet, thank you for this excellent piece and while I do not necessarily go along with this in totality, I regard your perspective.

  15. 야마토 릴게임 May 18, 2019

    Valuable info. Lucky me I found your site by accident, and I am shocked why this accident didn’t happened earlier! I bookmarked it.

    https://ygx77.com/

  16. womens May 18, 2019

    Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a completely different subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!

  17. housing act section 21 May 18, 2019

    Hey! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My site goes over a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

  18. I am constantly searching online for ideas that can assist me. Thanks!

    https://www.sandiego.gov/insidesd/san-diego-startup-success-underground-elephant

  19. Curso seo de verdade May 18, 2019

    Pretty component of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to say that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing in your augment or even I fulfillment you get entry to consistently quickly.

  20. situs poker online May 18, 2019

    It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

    https://andygtoj411.tumblr.com/post/184886990923/situs-poker-terbaik-2017

  21. agen poker online May 18, 2019

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extremely pleasant opportunity to check tips from this web site. It’s always so kind and also stuffed with a great time for me personally and my office fellow workers to visit your site on the least 3 times in one week to learn the new things you have got. And lastly, I’m so always fascinated concerning the attractive tricks you give. Selected 2 ideas in this posting are particularly the most suitable we have ever had.

    http://route.overnewser.com/hardwarenewz/?url=https://pokerdam.net/

  22. Pay per click agency May 19, 2019

    Thanks for your useful post. Over time, I have been able to understand that the particular symptoms of mesothelioma cancer are caused by the actual build up associated fluid between the lining in the lung and the chest muscles cavity. The sickness may start within the chest spot and multiply to other body parts. Other symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include losing weight, severe breathing trouble, throwing up, difficulty swallowing, and bloating of the neck and face areas. It ought to be noted that some people existing with the disease do not experience any kind of serious symptoms at all.

  23. State of Origin live May 19, 2019

    It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  24. online poker May 19, 2019

    This design is spectacular! You obviously know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

    https://www.goodreads.com/group/show/940300-situs-web-judi-pokerqq-dan-domino-online-terbaik

  25. 릴 게임 May 19, 2019

    Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I am very glad to see such wonderful info being shared freely out there.

    https://reelgame.net/

  26. excellent put up, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this sector do not notice this. You must continue your writing. I am sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  27. I just couldn’t go away your web site before suggesting that I actually loved the standard information an individual provide on your guests? Is going to be back frequently to check up on new posts

  28. agen poker online May 19, 2019

    Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely excellent. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart. I can not wait to read far more from you. This is really a terrific web site.

    https://city-wiki.win/index.php?title=Portal_Permainan_Judi_Poker_Online_Depo_Uang_10000_Hadir_Untuk_Anda

  29. I really enjoy looking at on this website , it has great articles . “Something unpredictable but in the end it’s right, I hope you have the time of your life.” by Greenday.

    http://BROWN-CCTV.COM

  30. I have mastered some new points from your web-site about desktops. Another thing I have always assumed is that laptop computers have become something that each home must have for several reasons. They supply you with convenient ways to organize homes, pay bills, go shopping, study, tune in to music and also watch tv shows. An innovative solution to complete every one of these tasks is by using a laptop computer. These computers are mobile ones, small, highly effective and convenient.

  31. agen poker online May 19, 2019

    Great blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any tips? Thanks!

    https://www2.zippyshare.com/v/XAJgYYVz/file.html

  32. emergency dentist May 20, 2019

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  33. W88 May 20, 2019

    You have brought up a very superb details , thanks for the post.

    https://w88thailand.net/w88-com-www-w88-w88-mobile/

  34. CBD Oil May 20, 2019

    I have been surfing on-line more than 3 hours nowadays, but I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It’s pretty price sufficient for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the net shall be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  35. hubnutí May 20, 2019

    You can definitely see your expertise in the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. All the time follow your heart.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.